In botany, Flora (plural: floras or florae) has two meanings.
The first meaning, or flora of an area, refers to the collection of plant life occurring in that area, especially the naturally occurring or indigenous plant life. The second meaning refers to a book or other work which describes the plant species occurring in an area, with the aim of allowing identification.
The term comes from Flora, the goddess of flowers in Roman mythology.
In Roman mythology, Flora was a goddess of flowers and the season of spring.
While she was otherwise a relatively minor figure in Roman mythology, being one among several fertility goddesses, her association with the spring gave her particular importance at the coming of springtime.
Her festival, the Floralia, was held in April or early May and symbolized the renewal of the cycle of life, marked with dancing, drinking, and flowers.
Her Greek equivalent was Chloris. Flora was married to Favonius, the wind god. Due to her association with plants, her name in modern English also means plant life.
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